Your lawn mower’s deck belt connects its engine and blades. Tightening this belt is an important aspect of lawn mower maintenance. If you don’t adjust this belt because it loosens over time, it will slip and wear out quickly. Do your blades take more than a second to engage? Do they slip when loaded with grass? It may be time to adjust the deck strap on your riding mower.
Can you tighten a mower belt?
The deck belt on your riding mower or lawn tractor will loosen over time. And while you can’t shorten that belt, you can tighten the pull of the cable that engages it, allowing you to keep it running for many months before you need to replace it.
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If you didn’t know that a lawn mower belt needed to be tightened, don’t worry, many lawn mower owners don’t. Steve, mechanic and host of Steve’s Small Engine Saloon on Youtube admits that this ignorance extends to some small engines:
“I know for a fact that there are many of you who don’t even know that this [adjustment] exists on these mowers because I’ve worked with several small engine mechanics in my life who didn’t even know you could do that either.
Steve from Steve’s Small Engine Saloon
The problem with not adjusting your lawn mower’s belt is that you have to get an expensive new belt every time the old one starts to slip. Adjusting the tightness of your deck belt throughout the season can save you a lot of money.
How do you fix a slipping belt on a riding mower?
Tightening the belt on your lawn mower housing is as simple as tightening the engagement spring more tightly. Find where the activation cable connects to the engagement spring: it should be a bracket bolted to the deck. Simply move this bracket away from the spring and towards the cable.
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How to move this support? Well, on a John Deere riding mower you loosen the 10mm bolts that hold the stand to the deck. Then you slide it away from the spring and the belt. Finally, you tighten these bolts down.
Your lawn mower may use a different type of bolt, but chances are the concept is the same. Obviously, you should only adjust your deck strap when your lawn mower is off. Also, you will need your mower deck lever to be flipped to “disengaged” to have enough slack to adjust your belt.
How tight should a mower deck belt be?
When your tractor is off with its axle engaged, grab your axle belt by hand and try to twist it. You shouldn’t be able to twist the belt more than a quarter turn by hand. If you can twist the belt half a turn by hand, you should tighten it.
Obviously, if your lawnmower is turned off and the deck lever is flipped to “disengaged”, its deck strap will be much looser.
Home and Garden Geek adds that you should be able to run a finger or two over the same belt when the tractor is off and the belt is “engaged” and gently pull it away from the pulleys. This translates to a pound or two of force. If you need more than two fingers, your deck belt may be too tight.
Another test you can perform is to turn on your mower, increase the throttle, then operate the deck engagement lever as fast as you can. You should hear your blades reach full speed within half a second. If you don’t, your belt is too loose.
If you’ve maxed out your adjustment bracket and your lawn mower housing belt is still loose, it’s probably time to replace the belt with a new one.
Then learn how to sharpen your lawn mower blades or see how to tighten your lawn mower deck belt in the video below:
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